How are judges appointed?
Full-time salaried judges are appointed by the Queen on the First Minister’s recommendation.
The Judicial Appointments Board for Scotland (JABS) handles these applications and makes recommendation for appointment.
When a new judge is required, following a request from the Scottish Ministers, JABS makes recommendation to the First Minister. The First Minister is required to consult the Lord President on any recommendation for judicial appointment before making his/her recommendation to the Queen.
It is customary for shrieval vacancies first to be offered to existing sheriffs, with applicants considered by the relevant sheriff principal.
In the case of part-time sheriffs, appointments are made by the Scottish Ministers on the recommendation of JABS.
Information on the appointment of Justices of the Peace can be found here.