About the Judiciary

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Judges sit in a number of courts and make decisions in both civil and criminal cases. They ensure that cases and verdicts are within the limits of the law and hand down judgments and sentences which reflect this.

The Lord President is the most senior judge in Scotland and the head of the judiciary. He is also the presiding judge of the College of Justice - the supreme civil and criminal courts of Scotland. College judges are called senators. Other types of judges include sheriffs and justices of the peace.